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Professional Learning Communities


Annenberg Institute for School Reform (AISR). (no date). Professional learning communities: Professional development strategies that improve instruction. Providence, RI: Author.

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DuFour, R. (2003). Building a professional learning community: For system leaders, it means allowing autonomy within defined parameters. The School Administrator. Retrieved March 8, 2008, from

DuFour, R. (2004). What is a professional learning community? Educational Leadership, 61(8), 6-11.

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Eaker, R., & Gonzalez, D. (2006). Leading in professional learning communities. National Forum of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(1), 6-13.

Feger, S., & Arruda, E. (2008). Professional learning communities: Key themes from the literature. Providence, RI: The Education Alliance, Brown University.

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Hord, S. (1997). Professional learning communities: What are they and why are they important? Austin, TX: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL).

Hord, S., & Rutherford, W. L. (1998). Creating a professional learning community: Cottonwood Creek School. Issues about Change, 6(2), 1-8.

Huffman, J. B. (2000). One school's experience as a professional learning community. Planning and Changing, 31(1 & 2), 84-94.

Huffman, J. (2003). The role of shared values and vision in creating professional learning communities. NASSP Bulletin, 87, 21-34.

Huffman, J. B., Hipp, K. A., Pankake, A. M., & Moller, G. (2001). Professional learning communities: Leadership, purposeful decision making, and job-embedded staff development. Journal of School Leadership, 10(5), 448-463.

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Louis, K. S. (2006). Changing the culture of schools: Professional community, organizational learning, and trust. Journal of School Leadership, 16(5), 477-489.

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Mitchell, C., & Sackney, L. (2006). Building schools, building people: The school principal's role in leading a learning community. Journal of School Leadership, 16, 627-640.

Moller, G. (2006). Teacher leadership emerges within professional learning communities. Journal of School Leadership, 16, 520-533.

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Olivier, D. F., & Hipp. K. (2006). Leadership capacity and collective efficiency: Interacting to sustain student learning in a professional learning community. Journal of School Leadership, 16, 505-519.

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Stoll, L., Bolam, R., McMahon, A., Thomas, S., Wallace, M., Greenwood, A., & Hawkey, K. (2005). What is a professional learning community? A summary. Retrieved February 16, 2008, from

Stoll, L., Bolam, R., McMahon, A., Wallace, M., & Thomas, S. (2006). Professional learning communities: A review of the literature. Journal of Educational Change, 7(4), 221-258.

Stoll, L., & Louis, K. S. (2007). Professional learning communities: Elaborating new approaches. In L. Stoll & K. S. Louis (Eds.), Professional learning communities: Divergence, depth, and dilemmas, pp. 1-14. Berkshire, England: Open University Press.

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Supovitz, J. A., & Christman, J. B. (2003). Developing communities if instructional practice: Lessons from Cincinnati and Philadelphia. CPRE Policy Briefs, #RB-39. Retrieved August 8, 2008, from

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Vescio, V., Ross, D., & Adams, A. (January, 2006). Review on professional learning communities: What do we know? Paper presented at the NSRF Research Forum. Retrieved August 28, 2008, from

Wells, C., & Feun, L. (2007). Implementation of learning community principles: A study of six high schools. NASSP Bulletin, 91(2), 141-160.

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Williams, R., Brien, K., Sprague, C., & Sullivan, G. (2008). Professional learning communities: Developing a school-level readiness instrument. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, 74(6). Retrieved June 19, 2008, from

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